Module Description

Module: Use of Solar Energy

Courses:

TitleTypeHrs/WeekPeriod
Collector TechnologyLecture2Summer Semester
Energy MeteorologyLecture1Summer Semester
Energy MeteorologyRecitation Section (small)1Summer Semester
Solar Power GenerationLecture2Summer Semester

Module Responsibility:

Prof. Martin Kaltschmitt

Admission Requirements:

None

Recommended Previous Knowledge:

none

Educational Objectives:

Professional Competence

Theoretical Knowledge

With the completion of this module, students will be able to deal with technical foundations and current issues and problems in the field of solar energy and explain and evaulate these critically in consideration of the prior curriculum and current subject specific issues. In particular they can professionally describe the processes within a solar cell and explain the specific features of application of solar modules. Furthermore, they can provide an overview of the collector technology in solar thermal systems.

Capabilities

Students can apply the acquired theoretical foundations of exemplary energy systems using solar radiation. In this context, for example they can assess and evaluate potential and constraints of solar energy systems with respect to different geographical assumptions. They are able to dimension solar energy systems in consideration of technical aspects and given assumptions. Using module-comprehensive knowledge students can evalute the economic and ecologic conditions of these systems. They can select calculation methods within the radiation theory for these topics. 

Personal Competence

Social Competence

Students are able to discuss issues in the thematic fields in the renewable energy sector addressed within the module.

Autonomy

Students can independently exploit sources and acquire the particular knowledge about the subject area with respect to emphasis fo the lectures. Furthermore, with the assistance of lecturers, they can discrete use calculation methods for analysing and dimensioning solar energy systems. Based on this procedure they can concrete assess their specific learning level and can consequently define the further workflow. 

ECTS-Credit Points Module:

6 ECTS

Examination:

Written exam

Workload in Hours:

Independent Study Time: 96, Study Time in Lecture: 84


Course: Collector Technology (Lecture)

Lecturer:

Agis Papadopoulos

Language:

German

Period:

Summer Semester

Content:

  • Introduction: Energy demand and application of solar energy.
  • Heat transfer in the solar thermal energy: conduction, convection, radiation.
  • Collectors: Types, structure, efficiency, dimensioning, concentrated systems.
  • Energy storage: Requirements, types.
  • Passive solar energy: components and systems.
  • Solar thermal low temperature systems: collector variants, construction, calculation.
  • Solar thermal high temperature systems: Classification of solar power plants construction.
  • Solar air conditioning.

Literature:

  • Vorlesungsskript.
  • Kaltschmitt, Streicher und Wiese (Hrsg.). Erneuerbare Energien: Systemtechnik, Wirtschaftlichkeit, Umweltaspekte, 5. Auflage, Springer, 2013.
  • Stieglitz und Heinzel .Thermische Solarenergie: Grundlagen, Technologie, Anwendungen. Springer, 2012.
  • Von Böckh und Wetzel. Wärmeübertragung: Grundlagen und Praxis, Springer, 2011.
  • Baehr und Stephan. Wärme- und Stoffübertragung. Springer, 2009.
  • de Vos. Thermodynamics of solar energy conversion. Wiley-VCH, 2008.
  • Mohr, Svoboda und Unger. Praxis solarthermischer Kraftwerke. Springer, 1999.

Course: Energy Meteorology

Lecturers:

Volker Matthias, Beate Geyer

Language:

German

Period:

Summer Semester

Content:

  • Introduction: radiation source Sun, Astronomical Foundations, Fundamentals of radiation
  • Structure of the atmosphere
  • Properties and laws of radiation
    • Polarization
    • Radiation quantities 
    • Planck's radiation law
    • Wien's displacement law
    • Stefan-Boltzmann law
    • Kirchhoff's law
    • Brightness temperature
    • Absorption, reflection, transmission
  • Radiation balance, global radiation, energy balance
  • Atmospheric extinction
  • Mie and Rayleigh scattering
  • Radiative transfer
  • Optical effects in the atmosphere
  • Calculation of the sun and calculate radiation on inclined surfaces

Literature:

  • Helmut Kraus: Die Atmosphäre der Erde
  • Hans Häckel: Meteorologie
  • Grant W. Petty: A First Course in Atmosheric Radiation
  • Martin Kaltschmitt, Wolfgang Streicher, Andreas Wiese: Renewable Energy
  • Alexander Löw, Volker Matthias: Skript Optik Strahlung Fernerkundung

Course: Solar Power Generation (Lecture)

Lecturers:

Martin Schlecht, Dietmar Obst

Language:

German

Period:

Summer Semester

Content:

  1. Introduction
  2. Primary energy and consumption, available solar energy
  3. Physics of the ideal solar cell
  4. Light absorption PN junction characteristic values ​​of the solar cell efficiency</li
  5. >
  6. ics of the real solar cell</li
  7. >
  8. ge carrier recombination characteristics, junction layer recombination, equivalent circuit</li
  9. >
  10. easing the efficiency</li
  11. >
  12. ods for increasing the quantum yield, and reduction of recombination</li
  13. >
  14. ight and tandem structures</li
  15. >
  16. ro-junction, Schottky, electrochemical, MIS and SIS-cell tandem cell</li
  17. >
  18. entrator</li
  19. >
  20. entrator optics and tracking systems</li
  21. >
  22. nology and properties: types of solar cells, manufacture, single crystal silicon and gallium arsenide, polycrystalline silicon, and silicon thin film cells, thin-film cells on carriers (amorphous silicon, CIS, electrochemical cells)</li
  23. >
  24. les</li
  25. >
  26. uits</li
  27. l

Literature:

  • A. Götzberger, B. Voß, J. Knobloch: Sonnenenergie: Photovoltaik, Teubner Studienskripten, Stuttgart, 1995
  • A. Götzberger: Sonnenenergie: Photovoltaik : Physik und Technologie der Solarzelle, Teubner Stuttgart, 1994
  • H.-J. Lewerenz, H. Jungblut: Photovoltaik, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1995
  • A. Götzberger: Photovoltaic solar energy generation, Springer, Berlin, 2005
  • C. Hu, R. M. White: Solar CelIs, Mc Graw HilI, New York, 1983
  • H.-G. Wagemann: Grundlagen der photovoltaischen Energiewandlung: Solarstrahlung, Halbleitereigenschaften und Solarzellenkonzepte, Teubner, Stuttgart, 1994
  • R. J. van Overstraeten, R.P. Mertens: Physics, technology and use of photovoltaics, Adam Hilger Ltd, Bristol and Boston, 1986
  • B. O. Seraphin: Solar energy conversion Topics of applied physics V 01 31, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1995
  • P. Würfel: Physics of Solar cells, Principles and new concepts, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2005
  • U. Rindelhardt: Photovoltaische Stromversorgung, Teubner-Reihe Umwelt, Stuttgart 2001
  • V. Quaschning: Regenerative Energiesysteme, Hanser, München, 2003
  • G. Schmitz: Regenerative Energien, Ringvorlesung TU Hamburg-Harburg 1994/95, Institut für Energietechnik
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