Module Description

Module: Thermal Separation Processes

Courses:

TitleTypeHrs/WeekPeriod
Separation ProcessesPractical Course1Winter Semester
Thermal Separation ProcessesLecture2Winter Semester
Thermal Separation ProcessesRecitation Section (small)2Winter Semester
Thermal Separation ProcessesRecitation Section (large)1Winter Semester

Module Responsibility:

Prof. Irina Smirnova

Admission Requirements:

None

Recommended Previous Knowledge:

Recommended requirements: Thermodynamics III

Educational Objectives:

Professional Competence

Theoretical Knowledge
  • The students can distinguish and describe different types of separation processes such as distillation, extraction, and adsorption
  • The students develop an understanding for the course of concentration during a separation process, the estimation of the energy demand of a process, the possibilities of energy saving, and the selection of separation systems
  • They have good knowledge of designing methods for separation processes and devices


Capabilities
  • Using the gained knowledge the students can select a reasonable system boundary for a given separation process and can close the associated energy and material balances
  • The students can use different graphical methods for the designing of a separation process and define the amount of theoretical stages required
  • They can select and design a basic type of thermal separation process for a given case based on the advantages and disadvantages of the process
  • The students are capable to obtain independently the needed material properties from appropriate sources (diagrams and tables)
  • They can calculate continuous and discontinuous processes
  • The students are able to prove their theoretical knowledge in the experimental lab work.
  • The students are able to discuss the theoretical background and the content of the experimental work with the teachers in colloquium.

The students are capable of linking their gained knowledge with the content of other lectures and use it together for the solution of technical problems. Other lectures such as thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and chemical engineering.

Personal Competence

Social Competence
  • The students can work technical assignments in small groups and present the combined results in the tutorial
  • The students are able to carry out practical lab work in small groups and organize a functional division of labor between them. They are able to discuss their results and to document them scientifically in a report.
Autonomy
  • The students are capable to obtain the needed information from suitable sources by themselves and assess their quality
  • The students can proof the state of their knowledge with exam resembling assignments and in this way control their learning process

ECTS-Credit Points Module:

6 ECTS

Examination:

Written exam

Workload in Hours:

Independent Study Time: 96, Study Time in Lecture: 84


Course: Separation Processes (Practical Course)

Language:

German & English

Period:

Winter Semester

Content:

The students work on eight different experiments in this practical course. For every one of the eight experiments, a colloquium takes place in which the students explain and discuss the theoretical background and its translation into practice with staff and fellow students.

The students work small groups with a high degree of division of labor. For every experiment, the students write a report. They receive instructions in terms of scientific writing as well as feedback on their own reports and level of scientific writing so they can increase their capabilities in this area.

Topics of the practical course:

  • Introduction in the thermal process engineering and to the main features of separation processes
  • Simple equilibrium processes, several steps processes
  • Distillation of binary mixtures, enthalpy-concentration diagrams
  • Extractive and azeotrope distillation, water vapor distillation, stepwise distillation
  • Extraction: separation ternary systems, ternary diagram
  • Multiphase separation including complex mixtures
  • Designing of separation devices without discrete stages
  • Drying
  • Chromatographic separation processes
  • Membrane separation
  • Energy demand of separation processes
  • Advance overview of separation processes
  • Selection of separation processes

Literature:

  • G. Brunner: Skriptum Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
  • J. King: Separation Processes, McGraw-Hill, 2. Aufl. 1980
  • Sattler: Thermische Trennverfahren, VCH, Weinheim 1995
  • J.D. Seader, E.J. Henley: Separation Process Principles, Wiley, New York, 1998.
  • Mersmann: Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, Springer, 1980
  • Grassmann, Widmer, Sinn: Einführung in die Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, 3. Aufl., Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1997
  • Brunner, G.: Gas extraction. An introduction to fundamentals of supercritical fluids and the application to separation processes. Steinkopff, Darmstadt; Springer, New York; 1994. ISBN 3-7985-0944-1 ; ISBN 0-387-91477-3 .
  • R. Goedecke (Hrsg.): Fluid-Verfahrenstechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 2006.
  • Perry"s Chemical Engineers" Handbook, R.H. Perry, D.W. Green, J.O. Maloney (Hrsg.), 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York 1984 Ullmann"s Enzyklopädie der Technischen Chemie

Course: Thermal Separation Processes (Lecture)

Lecturer:

Irina Smirnova

Language:

German

Period:

Winter Semester

Content:

  • Introduction in the thermal process engineering and to the main features of separation processes
  • Simple equilibrium processes, several steps processes
  • Distillation of binary mixtures, enthalpy-concentration diagrams
  • Extractive and azeotrope distillation, water vapor distillation, stepwise distillation
  • Extraction: separation ternary systems, ternary diagram
  • Multiphase separation including complex mixtures
  • Designing of separation devices without discrete stages
  • Drying
  • Chromatographic separation processes
  • Membrane separation
  • Energy demand of separation processes
  • Advance overview of separation processes
  • Selection of separation processes

Literature:

  • G. Brunner: Skriptum Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
  • J. King: Separation Processes, McGraw-Hill, 2. Aufl. 1980
  • Sattler: Thermische Trennverfahren, VCH, Weinheim 1995
  • J.D. Seader, E.J. Henley: Separation Process Principles, Wiley, New York, 1998.
  • Mersmann: Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, Springer, 1980
  • Grassmann, Widmer, Sinn: Einführung in die Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, 3. Aufl., Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1997
  • Brunner, G.: Gas extraction. An introduction to fundamentals of supercritical fluids and the application to separation processes. Steinkopff, Darmstadt; Springer, New York; 1994. ISBN 3-7985-0944-1 ; ISBN 0-387-91477-3 .
  • R. Goedecke (Hrsg.): Fluid-Verfahrenstechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 2006.
    • Perry"s Chemical Engineers" Handbook, R.H. Perry, D.W. Green, J.O. Maloney (Hrsg.), 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York 1984 Ullmann"s Enzyklopädie der Technischen Chemie

Course: Thermal Separation Processes (Recitation Section (small))

Lecturer:

Irina Smirnova

Language:

German

Period:

Winter Semester

Content:

  • Introduction in the thermal process engineering and to the main features of separation processes
  • Simple equilibrium processes, several steps processes
  • Distillation of binary mixtures, enthalpy-concentration diagrams
  • Extractive and azeotrope distillation, water vapor distillation, stepwise distillation
  • Extraction: separation ternary systems, ternary diagram
  • Multiphase separation including complex mixtures
  • Designing of separation devices without discrete stages
  • Drying
  • Chromatographic separation processes
  • Membrane separation
  • Energy demand of separation processes
  • Advance overview of separation processes
  • Selection of separation processes

The students work on tasks in small groups and present their results in front of all students.

Literature:

  • G. Brunner: Skriptum Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
  • J. King: Separation Processes, McGraw-Hill, 2. Aufl. 1980
  • Sattler: Thermische Trennverfahren, VCH, Weinheim 1995
  • J.D. Seader, E.J. Henley: Separation Process Principles, Wiley, New York, 1998.
  • Mersmann: Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, Springer, 1980
  • Grassmann, Widmer, Sinn: Einführung in die Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, 3. Aufl., Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1997
  • Brunner, G.: Gas extraction. An introduction to fundamentals of supercritical fluids and the application to separation processes. Steinkopff, Darmstadt; Springer, New York; 1994. ISBN 3-7985-0944-1 ; ISBN 0-387-91477-3 .
  • R. Goedecke (Hrsg.): Fluid-Verfahrenstechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 2006.
  • Perry"s Chemical Engineers" Handbook, R.H. Perry, D.W. Green, J.O. Maloney (Hrsg.), 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York 1984 Ullmann"s Enzyklopädie der Technischen Chemie

Course: Thermal Separation Processes (Recitation Section (large))

Lecturer:

Irina Smirnova

Language:

German

Period:

Winter Semester

Content:

  • Introduction in the thermal process engineering and to the main features of separation processes
  • Simple equilibrium processes, several steps processes
  • Distillation of binary mixtures, enthalpy-concentration diagrams
  • Extractive and azeotrope distillation, water vapor distillation, stepwise distillation
  • Extraction: separation ternary systems, ternary diagram
  • Multiphase separation including complex mixtures
  • Designing of separation devices without discrete stages
  • Drying
  • Chromatographic separation processes
  • Membrane separation
  • Energy demand of separation processes
  • Advance overview of separation processes
  • Selection of separation processes

Literature:

  • G. Brunner: Skriptum Thermische Verfahrenstechnik
  • J. King: Separation Processes, McGraw-Hill, 2. Aufl. 1980
  • Sattler: Thermische Trennverfahren, VCH, Weinheim 1995
  • J.D. Seader, E.J. Henley: Separation Process Principles, Wiley, New York, 1998.
  • Mersmann: Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, Springer, 1980
  • Grassmann, Widmer, Sinn: Einführung in die Thermische Verfahrenstechnik, 3. Aufl., Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1997
  • Brunner, G.: Gas extraction. An introduction to fundamentals of supercritical fluids and the application to separation processes. Steinkopff, Darmstadt; Springer, New York; 1994. ISBN 3-7985-0944-1 ; ISBN 0-387-91477-3 .
  • R. Goedecke (Hrsg.): Fluid-Verfahrenstechnik, Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, 2006.
  • Perry"s Chemical Engineers" Handbook, R.H. Perry, D.W. Green, J.O. Maloney (Hrsg.), 6th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York 1984 Ullmann"s Enzyklopädie der Technischen Chemie